Ara

Tenses Overview

PRESENT


Simple (V1)

>Bilimsel gerçekler.

‘Water boils at 100 C’

>Rutin olaylar, alışkanlıklar.

‘She gets up at 9 on weekdays.’

>Düzenlenmiş programlar.

‘The plane to Istanbul leaves at 11.’

>Kitap-film özetleri, gazete

başlıkları.

‘…One day, Nasreddin Hodja goes

to the lakeside…’


Continuous (be + Ving)

>Tam şuanda gerçekleşen olaylar.

‘Victor is talking to Marta now.’

>Kuvvetli gelecek zaman.

‘Julie’s flying to Ankara tomorrow.’


Perfect (have/has + V3)

* Zaman Vurgusu yok, önemli olan olaydır.

>Geçmiş ve şuan.

‘I’ve lived in Balıkesir since 2015.’

>Geçmişte başlayıp etkisi devam

edenler.

‘The coffee machine has broken

down.’

>Değişimler.

‘She’s lost weigh.’

>Deneyimler.

'He's been to Prague so many times.

'I've never seen anything like this before.


Perfect Cont.(have/has+been+Ving)

* Süre mutlaka belirtimeli.

* already, just, yet kullanılmaz.

>Geçmişte başlamış kendisi/etkisi

devam edenler

‘I’ve been working here for 2 years’


PAST


Simple (V2)

> Bitmiş eylemler.

‘Nicole didn’t do her homework last

night.’

> Geçmiş + rutin.

‘Last summer, I got up too early.’


Continuous (was/were + Ving)

>Geçmişte belli bir zamanda.

‘I was sleeping between 9-11

yesterday.’

* While, As, Just as, geçmişe ait iki

eylem

‘While you were going there, we

were coming from there.’


Perfect (had + V3)

>Geçmişte daha eski(önce

yaşanan)eylem.

‘When Jamie got home, his father

had already gone.’

‘By 1990, Turkey had developed so

much.’


Perfect Cont. (had+been+Ving)

> Geçmişte önce yaşanan süreç.

‘Thomas had been working for 2

hours when I got home.’


FUTURE


Simple (will+V1)

>Gelecekle ilgili. Anlık düşünce.

‘I’ll go home after this lesson’

'Don't be disturbed. I'll answer it.

>Tahmin, rica, söz verme, tehdit, uyarı.

‘I think it will rain.’

‘I promise I will call him.’

‘Will you help me, please?


Continuous (will+be+Ving)

>Gelecekte belirli bir süreç.

‘I will be studying maths between 5-

7 tomorrow.’


Perfect (will+have+V3)

>Gelecekte belirli bir zamanda

bitecek olan eylemler.

‘By the end of the year, I’ll have

learned English.’

‘By 2050, I will have been retired.’


Perfect Cont. (will+have+been+Ving)

>Gelecekte belirli bir zamanda

devam edecek olan eylemler.

‘In 2030, She will have been

working for 20 years

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