Ara

Modals Overview

Güncelleme tarihi: 19 Haz 2021

ABILITY


Can – Be able to

Could – Was/Were able to (a hard work)


‘Despite the crowded, We were able to find a good place to see the scene.’

‘I could tolerate talkative people more when I was younger.’


REQUEST


Can – Could(more polite) – Will – Would

If you could – Would you mind – Do you mind


‘Do you mind repeating last sentences?’

‘Would you take me to the cinema?’


PERMISSION


Can – May – Could

Do you mind if I/We V1 – Would you mind if I/We V2

Do you mind (my/our) Ving


‘Would you mind if I didn’t go to the stadium with you?’

‘I’d like a ten-minute break, please.’


OBLIGATION


Must – Have (got) to (had to – will have to etc.) –

need to (as a necessity)


‘I must pass the exam for my future plans’

‘I have to pass the exam otherwise dad will kill me.’


LACK OF OBLIGATION


Not have to – Not need to – Needn’t

*needn’t have done. (It’s done) – didn’t need to (It’s not done)


‘Luckily we needn’t go out for diner tonight.’


PROHIBITION


Mustn’t – Can’t – Be not allowed to


‘You can’t park here before 6.p.m.’

‘They mustn’t smoke in puclic areas.’,


ADVICE


Should – Had better – Ought to


‘Tomorrow you ought to get up early to catch the bus.’


SUGGESTION


Let’s – Shall we – How(What) about Ving – Could – May/Might(unwillingly)


‘We might drink a cup of tea during exams.’

‘Let’s not talk about this.’


EXPECTATION


Be supposed to – be to – should


‘Her favourite actress is (supposed) to appear on TV.’


DEDUCTION


Must – Mustn’t – Can’t – Couldn’t


‘Dad must have been watering the garden before I arrived.’

‘This can’t be a result of my problem.’


POSSIBILITY


Can – May – Might – Could – Be likely


‘The election is likely to be held in June.’

‘There might/may/could be a celebration tonight.’


PREFERENCE


Prefer – Would rather – Would prefer


‘I prefer spicy foods to desserts.’

‘She’d rather to keep silent know.’


HABITUAL PAST


Used to – Would


‘Did you use to watch cartoons as a child?’

‘Nobody at school would talk to Jenny.’


CRITICISM


Should(Ought to) be Ving

Should(Ought to) have V3


‘You should be doing your homework instead of this.’

‘Alice shouldn’t have ignored the doctor’s advice, alas!’

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